Four Most Typical Illnesses in Dogs and How To Treat Them

Have you ever wondered what the most prevalent diseases in dogs are? Well, believe it or not, dogs are susceptible to many diseases that are pretty common and readily treatable. Most of these disorders are not significant. However, some of these could pose a major health risk to your dog if they go undiagnosed and untreated.

Common Illnesses in Dogs

To provide your dog companion the veterinary care they need as soon as possible, it is your sole duty as a dog parent to be aware of the symptoms and signs of frequent ailments. Continue reading about diseases and other medical conditions commonly affecting dogs.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease symptoms vary. Many animals can have Lyme disease and exhibit no symptoms. Fever, appetite loss, painful or swollen joints, intermittent lameness, swollen lymph nodes, and lethargy are among the symptoms that affect dogs the most frequently. If left untreated, Lyme disease can harm the kidneys, neurological system, and heart. The second most prevalent dog condition is Lyme disease, which affects the kidneys and is usually fatal.

Tick avoidance aids in disease control. While extremely effective tick control products are available for dogs, they must be used frequently to provide long-term pest control.

Vaccines that prevent infection in dogs appear to perform best when administered before exposure to Lyme-causing bacteria. Your veterinarian could suggest pet shots and boosters if you live in a region where Lyme disease is common. Ticks spotted on your dog should be removed as soon as possible to help avoid the spread of Lyme disease and other infections.


Puppies typically acquire internal parasites through contact with a host or contaminated food, water, or surface. Internal parasites are rarely fatal in adult dogs, but they can be a major concern in small puppies. The following are some of the most frequent internal parasites that infect puppies:

  • Tapeworm
  • Roundworm
  • Hookworm
  • Whipworm
  • Heartworm

Prevention is the greatest method for treating parasites in puppies. You may reduce the risk of your puppy contracting parasites by providing fresh water, keeping its bowl clean, keeping a clean yard and garden, covering faces, and cleaning up the hair and dirt other animals have left behind.

Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation can be handed down from affected dogs to their progeny as a congenital disorder. In rare situations, it might be caused by excessive exercise during puppyhood. This is because some breeds may grow faster than others. In this scenario, excessive exercise can harm bone formation.

A surgical procedure will be required in more severe cases of a luxating patella. Vets typically prescribe surgery for dogs with grades 3 or 4, but dogs with lower grades routinely limp (a few times per week). Surgery is frequently staged if both of the pup’s back legs are damaged.


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