Get to Know the Most Common Neurological Problems in Pets

As a responsible pet owner, it’s probably best to be aware of the most common neurological problems and their symptoms that can affect your furry friend. This way, you can take them to the vet for the proper neurological treatment for pets.

Here’s a quick overview of some of the most common neurological conditions in pets:

1. Seizures

Seizures can be caused by various factors, such as genetic predisposition, electrolyte imbalances, low blood sugar, liver disease, kidney disease, etc. If your pet has a seizure, it’s essential to take them to the vet immediately so that they can rule out any underlying medical conditions.

Symptoms of seizures include:

  • Staring
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Drooling
  • Paddling with the legs

2. Meningitis

Meningitis is when there’s an inflammation of the meninges, the thin membranes surrounding and protecting the brain and spinal cord. It can result from various factors, including infections and many internal medicine diseases (tumors, autoimmune diseases, etc.). Visit this page for more info about internal medicine.

If your pet has meningitis, they will likely experience neurological symptoms such as:

  • Seizures
  • Ataxia (loss of coordination)

3. Vestibular Disease

Vestibular disease is a condition that affects the balance and coordination center of the brain, causing various symptoms. It is most commonly observed in older dogs but can affect any dog’s age, breed, or gender.

Common vestibular disease symptoms include:

  • Head tilt
  • Loss of balance
  • Eyes “rolling” back into the head
  • Nystagmus (involuntary eye movements)
  • Walking in circles
  • Vomiting

If your pet displays neurological symptoms, take them to the vet immediately for diagnosis and treatment. Remember, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to ensuring a good outcome for your pet.

4. Wobbler Syndrome

Wobbler syndrome is a condition that affects the spinal cord and specifically the cervical (neck) vertebrae. It is most commonly seen in large breed dogs, such as Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, and Rhodesian Ridgebacks.

The main symptom of wobbler syndrome is an unsteady gait, or “wobbling,” due to spinal cord compression within the vertebral canal. This can lead to pain, weakness, and even paralysis. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Neck pain
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Incoordination
  • Unwillingness to exercise
  • Stumbling
  • Paralysis (in severe cases)

If you think your pet may have wobbler syndrome, you must take them to the vet for diagnosis and treatment. Some vets may recommend x-rays or MRI to diagnose wobbler syndrome, but a spinal tap is the only way to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment usually involves surgery to stabilize the affected vertebrae. Others are:

  • Neurosurgery (to correct the alignment of the vertebrae)
  • Medication (to relieve pain and help with inflammation)
  • Therapy, such as animal hyperbaric oxygen chamber
  • Weight management (to help ease the pressure on the spine)
  • Dietary supplements (to help support joint health)

5. Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is a condition that affects the discs that cushion the bones of the spine. It can be caused by genetics, trauma, and degeneration.

IVDD symptoms vary depending on the severity of the disease but may include:

  • Mild pain
  • Stiffness
  • Sudden onset of severe pain
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Loss of coordination
  • Paralysis (in extreme cases)

If your pet shows any signs of IVDD, have them seen by a vet for diagnosis and treatment. Treatment options include medication, weight management, surgery, and physical therapy.


Neurological disorders in pets can be caused by many things, including infections, toxins, trauma, tumors, and degenerative diseases. If your pet displays neurological symptoms, take them to the vet as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to ensuring a good outcome for your pet.